General surgery, despite its name, is a surgical specialty that focuses on surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e.g. intestines including esophagus, stomach, colon, liver, gallbladder and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on the availability of head and neck surgery specialists) and hernias.
In Australia, Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom, general surgeons are responsible for breast care, including the surgical treatment of breast cancer. In most other countries, breast care falls under Obstetrics and Gynecology and its sub-specialty of Mastology (or Senology).
In the United States, the overall responsibility for trauma care falls under the auspices of general surgery, some general surgeons obtaining advanced training and specialty certification in this field alone.
The General surgeons work on all parts of the body. They are supposed to be trained to go into the ER and be ready for anything.
In the last few years minimally invasive surgery has become more prevalent. Considerable enthusiasm has built around robotic surgery (also known as robotic-assisted surgery), despite a lack of data suggesting it has significant benefits that justify its cost.
In Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United States general surgery is a five-year residency and follows completion of medical school, either (MD, MBBS, MBChB, etc) or (DO) degree. Following high school, it takes approximately thirteen years to make a fully licensed general surgeon (four years undergraduate training, four years medical school and five years residency).
In many countries general surgery is a prerequiste for subspecialization in:
- vascular surgery,
- thoracic surgery and
- cardiac surgery.
Please see links below for further informaiton:
Abscess - Subphrenic
Cholecystectomy - Gall Bladder Removal
Epididymal Cyst Removal
Hernia Repair - Epigastric
Hernia Repair - Femoral
Hernia Repair - Inguinal
Spleen Removal - Splenectomy